Agreement of Mutual Recognition

MRAs are most often applied to goods, such as. B various quality control MRAs. However, the term also applies to agreements on the recognition of professional qualifications and decisions in criminal matters. [2] A traditional MRA is an agreement on the mutual recognition of „conformity assessment“. Mutual Recognition Agreements (MRAs), often referred to as „agreements,“ are non-governmental agreements between organizations that accredit university degree programs. The Seoul Agreement is a Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) that refers to computer and computer programs that have been accredited by its signatories in their area of responsibility since 2008. Signatories to the Seoul Agreement are organizations responsible for the accreditation of computer and computer programs in Australia, Canada, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States. THE PECAs are usually concluded with candidate countries with which the EU has concluded association agreements (see explanation on association agreements) and represent a step in the accession process. The objective of the PECA is to align the technical regulations of a candidate country with those of the EU with regard to EU membership. This type of MRA is temporary in nature, as it disappears when the country joins the EU single market. Fundamentally, „traditional“ MRAs do not require states to harmonize the rules (i.e., create common technical standards and regulations), nor require parties to an MRA to recognise the other party`s requirements as equivalent – MRAs are limited to recognising the competence of the partner`s CABs to carry out conformity assessments. The countries concerned by the Agreement may designate conformity assessment bodies (CABs), laboratories and control bodies for the scope of the Agreement. The year in which the signatory acceded to the Washington Agreement determines recognition.

For example, ABET was one of the founding members of the Washington Accord in 1989. Graduates of ABET-accredited programs based in the United States starting in 1989 fall under the Washington Accord. Mutual recognition of the rules has been put at stake by the British government in the Brexit negotiations, notably in Theresa May`s Florence speech and as an option for future regulation of financial services, but rejected by the EU. Mutual Recognition Agreements (MRAs) are agreements between two trading partners aimed at eliminating technical barriers to trade. This is one of the issues that will play a role in the trade negotiations between the UK and the EU. The issue of mutual recognition in criminal matters was discussed at the Cardiff European Council of 15 and 16 June 1998 and was further discussed at the Tampere European Council in October 1999. On 15 January 2021, a programme of EU measures to implement the principle of mutual recognition of decisions in criminal matters was published. [2] The EU-Australia Agreement covers the following areas The Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) between the FDA and the European Union allows drug inspectors to rely on information from drug inspections conducted within each other`s limits. Under the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act enacted in 2012, the FDA has the authority to enter into agreements to recognize drug inspections by foreign regulatory agencies if the FDA has determined that those agencies are capable of conducting inspections that meet U.S. requirements. The FDA and the EU have been working together since May 2014 to assess how they each inspect drug manufacturers and to assess the risks and benefits of mutual recognition of drug inspections.

However, recent free trade agreements indicate a change in approach and acceptance of „traditional“ MRAs. For example, Article 4(6) and Article 7(21)(4) of the EU-Korea Free Trade Agreement provide for the negotiation of mutual recognition of conformity assessment for goods and services, respectively. What types of mutual recognition agreements has the EU concluded? However, recently, the European Commission`s trade negotiators rejected mutual recognition of conformity assessment carried out by UK testing laboratories. Mutual recognition agreements shall lay down the conditions under which a Contracting Party (third country) produces the results of conformity assessment (e.B. tests or certifications) carried out by the notified conformity assessment bodies (CABs) of the other Party (EU) to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of The First Party (third country) and vice versa. In keeping with our vision to „play a global leadership role“ in promoting the highest quality college programs in applied science, computer science, engineering and engineering technology, our World Council (GC) establishes mutual recognition processes for ABET-accredited programs in the United States and related programs in other countries through Mutual Recognition Agreements (MRAs). .

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