Agreement Gesture

First of all, the gesture marked the creation and dissolution of legal relationships. In ancient Mesopotamian law, for example, a dying person who wanted to formally designate an heir or legatee took that person by the hand. In early medieval Europe, a man became the man of a feudal lord by placing, among other things, his clasped hands in the hands of his master. A vassal was finally able to break a feudal bond in a ceremony in which straws were thrown at his former master. Legal actions can be demonstrative in two ways. First, it can symbolically demonstrate the nature of a legal agreement or relationship to make it more understandable. Passing a piece of land from one person to another, for example, shows a transfer of land that is simultaneously described verbally. Second, the legal gesture can prove the sanction that supports a legal transaction or legal relationship in order to make the transaction or relationship more compelling. An animal`s knife, for example, can effectively dramatize what will happen to one of the parties to a transaction or promise if that transaction or promise is not kept. The legal gesture is „ordered“ in the sense that it can order and organize meaning as part of a broader legal ceremony. For example, it can „highlight“ particularly important legal information (e.g. B who gives and receives land). It can shape a legal operation by marking its beginning and/or end: today, raising your hand in court signals the beginning of the oath, its reduction marks the end of the procedure.

The legal gesture can also support a legal achievement by physically and semantically dividing it into individual „bits“ or „pieces“ of information that is easier to understand and assimilate. Above all, because of the importance of writing in our society, the place it occupies in modern American law is marginal compared to the place it has occupied in the legal systems and practices of other cultures less dependent on writing. Especially in ancient and medieval societies, the gesture played an important role in virtually all fundamental legal events and transactions. Far from being fantasy, what I predict may have already begun to happen. In August 1994, Monika Liston, assistant to the president of CyberMind, a Virtual Reality company in San Francisco, married Hugh Jo at a ceremony hosted by the minister present and the parties in a virtual reality environment. Twelve feet apart, the couple (at least most) made their way through the spectacular wedding ceremony – traditionally an amalgam of words, gestures and other physical actions – using special „visual immersion“ helmets and hand movement controllers. At least one guest — an editor of Bride Magazine — attended the wedding from a great distance via an AT&T video phone. The legal gesture emerges from this analysis as a powerful and sophisticated modality. It is true that the gesture has been largely repressed in the legal systems of contemporary writing and printed cultures, which are less interested in its mnemonic potential in particular, but, as already indicated in reference to American swearing-in procedures, but the gesture has not completely disappeared. Its survival in the law is not only a testimony to the power of tradition, but also to the fundamental „humanity“ of the gesture – the ability of modality to meet certain physical, social and emotional needs of man, in some cases perhaps better than what is written or printed. Selecting appropriate gestures for contactless interfaces is a difficult task that directly affects human-machine interaction.

These gestures are usually determined by the designer, ad hoc methods, based on rules or agreements. Previous approaches to matching assessment grouped gestures into equivalence classes and ignored the integral properties shared between them. In this work, we propose a generalized framework that intrinsically integrates gesture descriptors into chord analysis (GDA). Unlike previous approaches, we represent gestures with binary description vectors and let them be partially similar. In this context, we are introducing a new measure called flexible chord rate (S A R) to measure the degree of agreement and provide a mathematical justification for this measure. In addition, we conducted computer experiments to study the behavior of S A R and show that existing matching metrics are a special case of our approach. Our method was evaluated and tested by a conjecture study with a group of neurosurgeons. Nevertheless, our wording can be applied to any other user elimination study. The results show that the degree of compliance obtained from S A R is 2.64 times higher than previous measurements.

Finally, we show that our approach complements existing tuning techniques by generating an artificial lexicon based on the most agreed properties. Second, the gestures communicated the conclusion and termination of legal agreements. These gestures tended to be similar to those that mark the relationship, in that many legal relationships are obviously based on agreement. For example, in medieval Welsh, English, French and Spanish law, a handcuff or its variant, a handshake, indicated the conclusion of a contract. Alternatively, the early medieval Germans could express their legal approval by squeezing their palms while holding them above their heads. Contemporary computer technology could accelerate this (re)shift towards gesture. The development of gesture interfaces that allow computers to recognize human gestures broadens the permissible spectrum of our communication with machines that eventually become the main recorders and guardians of American law. Theoretically, gesture interfaces could allow us to indicate our consent to a contract or other transaction by something as simple, fast, direct and intuitive as a certain movement of the hand. The development of virtual reality technology, as I heard in this workshop, could offer even more opportunities to literally animate the law with gestures.

A virtual reality environment, especially one that connects individuals in mutual telepresence, is an unprecedented invitation to gesture activity that extends even to the manipulation of symbolic virtual objects by parties that would not normally benefit from face-to-face interaction in the real world. The legal gestures of a virtual environment also do not have to overlap with the actual physical gestures; they could be conceived in the most conceptually and socially appropriate way, regardless of the physical boundaries of the respective parts or their physical universe. The possibilities are close to the astonishing. My work on the legal gesture – and what I have seen and heard so far at this workshop – makes me suspect that the legal gesture could make a kind of comeback in the future. .

Posted in Allgemein